Sun Ra原名Herman Sonny Blount,他于1914年5月22日出生于阿拉巴马州的伯明翰。在他孩提时代,他父亲便离家出走,Sun Ra基本上是靠他姨妈与外祖母抚养的。17岁生日时,他收到一架钢琴作为礼物,Sun Ra的音乐知识主要是靠自学,他并没有受过多少音乐教育。Sun Ra在上高中时组建了一支自己的乐队,在当时,他就能掌握各种节奏与音符。上大学时,他声称有外星人把他带入宇宙空间,使他得到了神的感召。他中途辍学,与多支主要由伯明翰人组成的乐队合作在南方巡演。
“二战”时,Sun Ra由于拒服兵役而入狱。期间,他花了大量时间研究音乐、探寻古代的黑人文化。战后,他来到了爵士的温床——芝加哥。很快,当地著名的Delisa俱乐部就雇他为临时钢琴手。即使在40年代,仍有许多音乐家把Sun Ra归为异类。Erskine Hawkins说:“Sun Ra用的和弦在今天已不足为奇,但在当时却是无人问津的。”因此,他得到了“月亮人”的称号。
整个50年代是Sun Ra最富创造力的时期之一。起先,他的小乐队以演奏比波普爵士与经典曲目为主。稍后,他领导的Arkestra乐队加入了越来越多的新鲜元素:他的乐队里出现了齐特拉琴、铜鼓、编钟,还有所谓的“太阳鼓”、“宇宙鲁特”等名目众多的古怪乐器;乐队在演出时会穿上宇宙衣,戴上有螺旋浆的发亮头盔;在音乐里,他启用了多名打击乐手,把非洲的节奏引入爵士乐。
60年代,John Coltrane、Albert Ayler等人在格林威治村创立了自由爵士,Sun Ra也成了这一风格的奠基人之一。他的音乐显得更加神秘,宇宙已不再仅是Sun Ra与Arkestra的暂游地,它成了他们永远的归宿。这一时期的作品反对旋律,拥有复杂的节奏与不和谐和声,乐曲也变得冗长,在一个作品中往往有几个不同的调式,甚至无调式,或者就是Sun Ra所称的“宇宙调式”。尽管如此,Sun Ra并不赞同用“自由”来形容他的音乐,他的作品其实都是经过精心勾画的,结构严谨。
70年代,Impulse公司为Sun Ra录制了一系列专辑,这些专辑首次向世界展示了Sun Ra的风采,他的名声与日俱增,并在欧洲及世界各地演出,其中有一场音乐会是在埃及的金字塔前举行的。在80年代以后,Sun Ra得到了全世界的关注,非主流摇滚界把他奉为鼻祖。1993年5月30日,这位“来自外层空间的精神领袖”离开了这个世界。
Sun Ra是前卫的爵士乐家,他的形式作风相当的独特与神秘,而他的音乐也和他的性格一样,虽然不是被多数的听众接受,但是他的价值在于奇特与超凡脱俗的感受。在外型上他也常有十足怪异的打扮,甚至于在演出时加入杂耍性的演出,转盘子和吞火之类的表演增加了音乐的特色。对于别人的批评,Sun Ra似乎不在意,他也不只一次声称自己出生在另外的一个行星,但是这个行星只能算是他的想象中的家园。Sun Ra是他自己取的艺名,意思是源自古代埃及的一位太阳神的名字。当人们将他的音乐之外的种种离奇古怪的噱头抛开之后,就会不由自主地惊叹他的才华横溢,他是一位不折不扣的音乐革新者。他的音乐有是来自何种灵感,正是这种神秘使他成为了乐迷追逐的,崇拜的偶像,他的音乐上的探索与创新最终也受到了爵士乐界的重视。他记录他的音乐的方式也是变化莫测的流行方式。他的唱片都是以海王星唱片公司标志的,在他的唱片中从来不列出录音的日期,而且不提供准确的个人信息。这种方式完全是一种探索性的音乐、一种真正前卫的试验性的音乐,对于传统的爵土乐迷和一般听众来说这都是难以接受的。早在1934年Sun Ra就开始领导自己的首支乐队,在中西部,他曾经做过许多不同的工作,是一位自由音乐家。但人们很难会记得一位不知名且缺乏特色的乐手在爵士乐主流盛行的年代的表现。当时他确实是本本份份地演奏传统的爵士乐,然而喜欢时髦的爵士乐迷并未给他以特别的关注。 在战后最初的几年,1946年到1947年他曾经在Fletcher Henderson的乐队中担任过钢琴手和编曲。从1948年起,他就开始灌制唱片,然而这些唱片都是平庸之作,未能引起任何评论家的重视。很大程度上,这种可有可无的状态对于充满了抱负的音乐家来说无异于失败,他们精神的病苦远远超过了生活中的艰辛。Sun Ra不在缺乏才气,他所缺乏的是与时代的流行趋势相一致的风格,缺乏的是机遇。这种机遇对于许多爵士乐音乐家来说来的很早,而对他却来的很迟。长期的默默无闻磨炼了他的性格,更为他自己独特的音乐创作打下了坚实的基础。大器晚成的Sun Ra直到1953年他才真正开始录制自己的音乐,此时他已经年近 40。最初时候,他在芝加哥领导了一支大乐队,并演奏高级的波普爵士乐,但是他的音乐从一开始就受到了其它的文化形式的影响,并且在早期的前卫派爵士乐确立之前,就将键盘和电声乐器运用到自己的音乐之中。从196l年之后,他搬到了纽约,演奏了自己的最为高级的一些作品。在1970年他将自己的乐队的基地又转移到费城,在他最后几年的隐喻中总是处于摆动不定的状况,有时演奏自由的即兴演奏,有时有演奏神秘乐队的合唱曲,其素材总是摇摆乐曲闹的古怪的版本,听起来很像从前的Fletcher Henderson的大乐队的演出的变化的形式,在他的演出个伴奏者也并不是经常固定的,他们总是出入他的乐队,从来不长期的合作。然而,对于长期处于神秘的Sun Ra来说,他的传奇只是露出了一角的冰山,他内容广泛的作品仍是爵士乐迷乐于探寻的宝藏。

Sun Ra
├─16BIT
│ ├─1954 – Spaceship Lullaby
│ ├─1957 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Jazz by Sun Ra
│ ├─1957 – Sun Song
│ ├─1957 – Supersonic Jazz
│ ├─1958 – Jazz In Silhouette
│ ├─1960 – Sun Ra & His Astro Infinity Arkestra – Holiday For Soul Dance (1991 Edition)
│ ├─1962 – The Futuristic Sounds Of Sun Ra (Remastered)
│ ├─1963 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – When Sun Comes Out
│ ├─1964 – featuring pharoah sanders & black harold
│ ├─1965 – Art Forms of Dimensions Tomorrow
│ ├─1965 – Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra, Vols. 1 & 2
│ ├─1965 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Angels and Demons at Play
│ ├─1965 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Fate in a Pleasant Mood
│ ├─1965 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Secrets of the Sun
│ ├─1965 – The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra (vol. 1)
│ ├─1965 – The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra 3CD
│ ├─1965 – The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra, vols. 1-3
│ ├─1965 – The Magic City
│ ├─1966 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Other Planes of There
│ ├─1966 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Sun Ra Visits Planet Earth
│ ├─1966 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – The Magic City
│ ├─1966 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – The Nubians of Plutonia
│ ├─1967 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Cosmic Tones for Mental Therapy
│ ├─1967 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Interstellar Low Ways
│ ├─1967 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Strange Strings
│ ├─1967 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – We Travel the Spaceways
│ ├─1968 – Monorails and Satellites Vols. 1, 2 and 3 3CD
│ ├─1968 – Outer Spaceways Incorporated (remastered 1993)
│ ├─1969 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Atlantis
│ ├─1970 – Holiday for Soul Dance
│ ├─1970 – Live at the Donaueschingen and Berlin Festivals
│ ├─1970 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – My Brother the Wind Vol. 1 – Expanded Edition
│ ├─1970 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Sound Sun Pleasure
│ ├─1970 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – The Night of the Purple Moon
│ ├─1971 – It’s After the End of the World (Live at the Donau)
│ ├─1971 – Outer Spaceways Incorporated
│ ├─1971 – Sun Ra & His Intergalactic Research Arkestra 2CD
│ ├─1971 – sun ra and his solar arkestra – horizon
│ ├─1971 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – My Brother the Wind, Vol. 2
│ ├─1972 – Bad and Beautiful
│ ├─1972 – Featuring Pharoah Sanders & Black Harold
│ ├─1972 – Live At Slug’s Saloon [2008, Transparency 0313] 6CD
│ ├─1972 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Universe in Blue
│ ├─1972 – The Solar-Myth Approach Vol. 1 & 2 2CD
│ ├─1973 – Concert For The Comet Kohoutek
│ ├─1973 – Space is the Place
│ ├─1973 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Astro Black
│ ├─1973 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Discipline 27-II
│ ├─1974 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Sub Underground #1
│ ├─1974 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – The Antique Blacks (Remastered 2015)
│ ├─1974 – The Antique Blacks [2009, Art Yard ARTYARD CD010]
│ ├─1974 – The Invisible Shield
│ ├─1975 – Live In Cleveland (Edition, Leo GY 29)
│ ├─1975 – Pathways to Unknown Worlds
│ ├─1976 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Cosmos (Remastered 2016)
│ ├─1977 – In Some Far Place- Roma 2006
│ ├─1977 – Piano Recital – Teatro La Fenice, Venezia [2003, Golden Years Of New Jazz GY 21]
│ ├─1977 – Solo Piano at WKCR 2019R
│ ├─1977 – Solo Piano Venice 2015R
│ ├─1977 – Sun Ra Solo Piano
│ ├─1978 – Disco 3000 [2007, Art Yard ARTYARD CD001] 2CD
│ ├─1978 – Lanquidity
│ ├─1978 – media dreams 2CD
│ ├─1978 – Solo Keyboard Minnesota 2019R
│ ├─1978 – some blues but not the kind thats blue
│ ├─1978 – St. Louis Blues
│ ├─1978 – Sun Ra & Walt Dickerson – Visions (1978, 1988, SteepleChase)
│ ├─1978 – Sun Ra Arkestra – Unity 2CD
│ ├─1978 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Lanquidity
│ ├─1979 – God Is More Than Love Can Ever Be
│ ├─1979 – on jupiter
│ ├─1979 – Sleeping Beauty (Expanded Edition)
│ ├─1979 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Omniverse
│ ├─1979 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – The Other Side of the Sun
│ ├─1979 – the other side of the sun
│ ├─1979 – Walt Dickerson, Sun Ra – Visions
│ ├─1980 – Sleeping Beauty
│ ├─1980 – Strange Celestial Road
│ ├─1980 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Voice of the Eternal Tomorrow
│ ├─1981 – Aurora Borealis (Remastered 2015)
│ ├─1981 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Beyond the Purple Star Zone (Remastered 2015)
│ ├─1981 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Dance of Innocent Passion
│ ├─1981 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Oblique Parallax (Remastered)
│ ├─1981 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Sunrise in Different Dimensions 2CD
│ ├─1982 – A Fireside Chat With Lucifer [Saturn Research B1984SG-9]
│ ├─1983 – A Fireside Chat with Lucifer
│ ├─1983 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – A Fireside Chat with Lucifer
│ ├─1983 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Ra to the Rescue
│ ├─1984 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Celestial Love
│ ├─1984 – Sun Rise in Egypt Vols.1-3 [2006, Sphinx Records ECD 25735] 3CD
│ ├─1987 – John Cage, Sun Ra – The Complete Concert
│ ├─1987 – Strange Celestial Road
│ ├─1988 – Blue Delight
│ ├─1988 – Hidden Fire One
│ ├─1988 – Hidden Fire Two
│ ├─1988 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – The Pit Inn 8-8-88 2CD
│ ├─1989 – Out There A Minute
│ ├─1989 – Sun Ra with Don Cherry and Tommy Turrentine – Blue Delight
│ ├─1990 – Live in London
│ ├─1990 – Sun Ra Arkestra – Mayan Temples
│ ├─1990 – Sun Ra with Don Cherry and John Gilmore – Purple Night
│ ├─1991 – Sun Ra & His Astro Infinity Arkestra – Sound Sun Pleasure!!
│ ├─1991 – Super-Sonic Jazz (1956, Evidence)
│ ├─1992 – We Travel the Spaceways, Bad & Beautiful
│ ├─1993 – Concert for the Comet Kohoutek
│ ├─1993 – Somewhere Else
│ ├─1995 – A Night in East Berlin My Brothers the Wind and the Sun
│ ├─1995 – Jazz in Silhouette
│ ├─1995 – Second Star to the Right
│ ├─1998 – calling planet earth 3CD
│ ├─1998 – Sun Ra & His Arkestra – Love in Outer Space
│ ├─2000 – janus
│ ├─2000 – Standards
│ ├─2000 – Sun Ra, His Astro-Intergalactic Infinity Arkestra – Dark Myth Equation Visitation
│ ├─2000 – Sun Ra, His Astro-Intergalactic Infinity Arkestra – Nidhamu
│ ├─2000 – The Great Lost Sun Ra Albums. Cymbals – Crystal Spears 2CD
│ ├─2003 – Live at Montreux (1976,P-Vine-Japan) 2CD
│ ├─2003 – Nuits de la Fondation Maeght, vol. 1
│ ├─2003 – Nuits de la Fondation Maeght, Vol. 2
│ ├─2003 – Sound of Joy (1957,P-Vine-Japan)
│ ├─2005 – Heliocentric Worlds, Vol. 3
│ ├─2007 – lost reel collection 4CD
│ ├─2008 – Cosmos (1976,Inner City)
│ ├─2008 – Secrets of the Sun
│ ├─2008 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Some Blues But Not the Kind That’s Blue
│ ├─2009 – I Am Strange – I Am an Instrument
│ ├─2009 – Interplanetary Melodies
│ ├─2009 – Rocket Ship Rock
│ ├─2009 – Sun Ra Quartet – New Steps
│ ├─2010 – College Tour, Vol. 1- The Complete Nothing Is … 2CD
│ ├─2010 – Sun Ra, Mythic Science Arkestra – The Paris Tapes 1971
│ ├─2010 – the heliocentric worlds box set 3CD
│ ├─2011 – Eternal Myth Revealed – Vol. 1, The 14CD
│ ├─2011 – Jazz in Silhouette, Sound Sun Pleasure!!
│ ├─2011 – Strange Worlds In My Mind
│ ├─2011 – The Outer Darkness (Space Poetry Volume Three)
│ ├─2011 – The Sub-Dwellers (Space Poetry Volume Two)
│ ├─2011 – Three Classic Albums 2CD
│ ├─2011 – Wake Up Angels (Live)
│ ├─2012 – Art Yard in a Box [Art Yard – ReR Megacorp SUNRERBOX] 7CD
│ ├─2013 – Continuation (1963,Corbett vs. Dempsey) 2CD
│ ├─2014 – My Way Is the Spaceways
│ ├─2014 – Prophetika – Centennial
│ ├─2014 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Continuation 2CD
│ ├─2014 – Sun Ra, The Sun Ra Arkestra – Marshall Allen presents Sun Ra And His Arkestra- I 2CD
│ ├─2015 – Purple Night
│ ├─2015 – Sun Ra & His Arkestra – To Those Of Earth… And Other Worlds 2CD
│ ├─2015 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Paris 1983 (Premiere Release) 2CD
│ ├─2015 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Sun Ra at Inter-Media Arts 2CD
│ ├─2015 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Transitions 1- Spaceship Bop (1955-57)
│ ├─2015 – Sun Ra, The Sun Ra Arkestra – Planets Of Life Or Death- Amiens ’73
│ ├─2015 – Sun Ra, The Sun Ra Arkestra, Gilles Peterson – Gilles Peterson Presents Sun Ra And His Arkestra 2CD
│ ├─2015 – The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra, vol. 2
│ ├─2016 – John Cage & Sun Ra – John Cage Meets Sun Ra; The Complete Concert
│ ├─2016 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – The Soul Vibrations of Man (Remastered)
│ ├─2016 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – The Sun Myth (African Chant)
│ ├─2016 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Transitions 3- Chicago to NY
│ ├─2016 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – When Angels Speak of Love (Remastered)
│ ├─2016 – The Space Age Is Here to Stay
│ ├─2017 – Sun Ra Plays Gershwin
│ ├─2017 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Blues at Midnight- John Gilmore Anthology, Vol. 2
│ ├─2017 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Kosmos in Blue- John Gilmore Anthology, Vol. 1
│ ├─2017 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Nuclear War (EP)
│ ├─2017 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Pictures of Infinity
│ ├─2017 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Sun Ra Exotica 2CD
│ ├─2017 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Thunder of the Gods
│ ├─2017 – The Space Age is Here to Stay
│ ├─2017 – Thunder of the Gods
│ ├─2018 – God Is More Than Love Can Ever Be (1979,Cosmic Myth)
│ ├─2018 – Of Abstract Dreams
│ ├─2018 – Space Age Rhythm & Bop- The 1950s
│ ├─2018 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Discpline 99 (Out Beyond the Kingdom Of)
│ ├─2018 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Of Mythic Worlds
│ ├─2018 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Pleiades- A Jazz Symphonique (Remastered) 2CD
│ ├─2018 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Somewhere Over the Rainbow
│ ├─2018 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Somewhere Over the Rainbow (Expanded Edition 2021)
│ ├─2018 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Taking a Chance on Chances
│ ├─2018 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – The Ankh and the Ark
│ ├─2018 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – The Cymbals – Symbols Sessions 2CD
│ ├─2018 – Sun Ra, Pharoah Sanders, Black Harold – Sun Ra with Pharoah Sanders and Black Harold
│ ├─2018 – The Early Albums Collection 1957-1963
│ ├─2019 – Crystal Spears
│ ├─2019 – Monorails & Satellites, Vols.1-3 (Cosmic Myth) 2CD
│ ├─2019 – Space is the Place- Music for the Film
│ ├─2019 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Crystal Spears
│ ├─2019 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – The Spirit of Jazz Cosmos Arkestra at WUHY 2CD
│ ├─2019 – When Angels Speak of Love (Remastered)
│ ├─2020 – Haverford College, Jan. 25, 1980
│ ├─2020 – Sun Ra Arkestra – Swirling
│ ├─2020 – Sun Ra, His Arkestra – Horizon
│ ├─2020 – The Solar-Myth Approach
│ ├─2020 – Unity (Live at Storyville NYC Oct 1977)
│ ├─2021 – Door Of The Cosmos (Armonica Cosmos Mix)
│ ├─2021 – Nuclear War (Bassically Kick and Bass Rerub)
│ ├─2021 – On Jupiter
│ ├─2021 – Sun Ra Arkestra – Live at Babylon
│ ├─2021 – Sun Ra, Sun Ra & His Arkestra – Lanquidity (Definitive Edition)
│ ├─2021 – Sun Ra, Sun Ra & His Arkestra – Twin Stars of Thence (Alternate Mix)
└─Hi-Res&LP
├─1978 – Lanquidity LP 24-96
├─2014 – It’s After The End Of The World Hi-Res
├─2020 – Sun Ra & His Arkestra – Unity Live at Storyville NYC Oct Hi-Res
├─2021 – Sun Ra & His Arkestra – Somewhere Over the Rainbow (Beyond Saturn) Hi-Res
├─2022 – Jazz In Silhouette (Remastered) Hi-Res
├─2022 – Supersonic Jazz (Remastered) Hi-Res

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